Human Trafficking Selected Bibliography

Overview: St. Thomas University Law Library's Human Trafficking Select Bibliography highlights several of the collection's resources that directly or indirectly address legal and social issues surrounding human trafficking. This bibliography is organized first by the primary legal sources, which are typically analyzed and critiqued in the secondary material. Secondary materials are organized by: (1) Overview, (2) Legal Handbooks/Practice Manuals, (3) Legal Criticism, and (4) Bibliographies and Research Guides.

Primary Legal Sources

United States - Federal

Trafficking Victims Protection Act and subsequent reauthorization acts:

  • Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Pub. L. No. 106-386, 114 Stat. 1464 (2000).
  • Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005, Publ. L. No. 109-164, § 103(a)(1), 119 Stat. 3558 (2005).
  • William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-457, § 222(d)(1), 122 Stat. 5044 (2008).
  • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library, Unclassified Collection, Shelf 106B

United Nations

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, Annex II, art. 3(a), Dec. 12, 2000, G.A. Res. 55/25, U.N. Doc. A/55/383 (2000) ("UN Human Trafficking Protocol").

Secondary Sources

  1. Overview: Historical and Social
  2. Frank Laczko et al., Migration for Development: Within and Beyond Frontiers (2006).

    • A collection of articles analyzing and critiquing empirical studies on human trafficking. Articles consider the problem of accurately quantifying human trafficking victims, data collection methods, and information gaps.
    • Call Number- HQ281 .D38 2006
    • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library General Collection

    E. Benjamin Skinner, A Crime So Monstrous: Face-to-Face with Modern-Day Slavery (2009).

    • Skinner's gripping personal account detailed his immersion into the human trafficking industry. Skinner spent four years traveling and infiltrating slave trade networks located all around the world: including but not limited to suburban America, Sudan's tribal regions, and labor camps in India.
    • Call Number- HT871 .S49 2009
    • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library General Collection

    Anthony M. DeStefano, The War on Human Trafficking: U.S. Policy Assessed (2007).

    • DeStefano tracked the legislative responses taken by the United States to end trafficking, including the passing of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000, and measures the efficacy of this legislation has had in ending human trafficking. This work helps readers look beyond the world of sensational media, with revolving door stories of the evils of human trafficking, and see the ongoing war against modern day slavery.
    • Call Number- HQ125.U6 D47 2007
    • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library General Collection
    • STU Law Access- EBSCOhost eBook Collection, available at

    Amy O'Neill Richard, International Trafficking in Women to the United States: A Contemporary Manifestation of Slavery and Organized Crime (2000).

    Phil Williams et al., Illegal Immigration and Commercial Sex: The New Slave Trade (Phil Williams ed., 1999).

    • Collection of articles outlining the current slave trade: including causes, facilitators, international and national response, secondary effects. The article's scope can be general to very specific (e.g., human trafficking in Thailand).
    • Call Number- HV6252 .I45 1999
    • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library General Collection

  3. Legal Handbooks/Practice Manuals
  4. Jean Bruggeman & Elizabeth Keyes, Meeting the Legal Needs of Human Trafficking Victims: An Introduction for Domestic Violence Attorneys & Advocates (2009).

  5. Legal Criticism

    2. Articles
    3. Mohamed Y. Mattar, Interpreting Judicial Interpretations of the Criminal Statutes of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act: Ten Years Later, 19 Am. U. J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 1247 (2011).

      Roza Pati, Beyond the Duty to Protect: Expanding Accountability and Responsibilities of the State in Combating Human Trafficking, in The Diversity of International Law: Essays in Honour of Professor Kalliopi K. Koufa (Constantinides & Koufa eds. 2009).

      • Professor Pati's essay proposing new methods and standards for states in combating human trafficking.
      • Call Number- K 5240.O26 2010
      • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library General Collection

      Elizabeth M. Wheaton, Economics of Human Trafficking, 48 International Migration 114 (2010).

      • The authors utilized an economics based inquiry into severe forms of human trafficking, as defined by the TVPA and UN Human Trafficking Protocol, to look at the economic factors that drive victims to enter into the human trafficking market, provide incentives to become human traffickers, and other economic factors supporting the trafficking trade.
      • STU Law Access- Wiley Online Library, available at
    4. Books
    5. Tom Obokata, Trafficking of Human Beings from a Human Rights Perspective: Toward a Holistic Approach (2006).

      • Obokata's work analyzed human trafficking through the international human rights constructs of human dignity, in order to fully understand the human rights at stake and to promote state action against this growing epidemic.
      • Call Number- K3268 .O26 2006
      • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library General Collection

      Tom Obokata, Transnational Organized Crime in International Law (2010).

      • This book provides a detailed overview of the international laws, several state systems, and transnational laws (e.g., Treaty on the European Union) that are designed to combat transitional organized crime. By identifying relative treaties and hallmark cases, Obokata provided a legal framework for the current state of international criminal law as it pertains to transnational organized crime.
      • Call Number- K5240 .O26 2010
      • Location- St. Thomas University Law Library General Collection

  6. Bibliographies and Research Guides
  7. Mohamed Y. Mattar, Trafficking In Persons: an Annotated Legal Bibliography, 96 Law Library Journal 669 (2004).

    Margaret Clark, Human Trafficking Research Guide

    • Margaret Clark's research guide was written for Florida State University students; however, many of the same resources are accessible by the STU students and the public. The guide is well organized, identifying resources about the social and political issues, the main federal and state legislation targeting human trafficking, international protocols, and news resources.
    • Public Access- FSU, available at (last visited Oct. 17th, 2017).